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The Infraorder Scolecophidia contains three families of primitive fossorial (burrowing) snakes, two distributed worldwide and one confined to S.America. The photo library contains members only of the two widely distributed families: Leptotyphlopidae and Typhlopidae, the much smaller Anomalepidae, Gerrhopilidae and Xenotyphlopidae being absent.

1. Leptotyphlopidae (12 genera; 116 species)

2. Typhlopidae (10 genera; 250 species)

3. Anomalepidae (4 genera; 18 species)

4. Gerrhopilidae (1 genus; 15 species)

5. Xenotyphlopidae (2 genera; 2 species)

Photographic locality. Wherever possible precidence is given to wild specimens from known localitions, wherein the 'photographic locality' relates to the origin of the photographed specimens, rather than the taxon's entire range. The only exceptions are indicated by (captive) or (preserved specimen). These are either specimens photographed in captivity, where the locality given is a general distribution for the taxon, or preserved specimens photographed as biological voucher specimens.

Column D1. Digitized images - the bulk of the library consists of 35mm transparencies (mostly Kodachrome or Velvia) which are gradually being digitized [using Nikon CoolScan 4000 or Plustek OpticFilm 7600i] and stored on hard disc. 'X' indicates that digitized images are available, '[]' indicates that the transparencies of this taxon have yet to be digitized.

Column D2. Digital images - since 2005 digital images have also been taken [using Canon EOS 30D, 40D or 7D]. 'X' indicates that digital images are available in addition to digitized images for this taxon.



The Leptotyphlopidae, the slender blindsnakes, contains 113 species which were formerly placed in two genera (Leptotyphlops and the monotypic Rhinoleptus). However, the former genus has now been split into eleven genera* and a second species has been described in Rhinoleptus. The three species in the photo library have all undergone recent generic name changes.

* Adalsteinsson, S.A., W.R.Branch, S. Trapé, L.J. Vitt, & S.B.Hedges 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of snakes of the Family Leptotyphlopidae (Reptilia, Squamata). Zootaxa 2244: 1-50.


Slender blindsnakes
Siagonodon septemstriatus
Ilha Maraca, Roraima, Brazil
click on image to enlarge 
    Photographed specimen: D1. D2.
Rena dimidiata Guianan slender blindsnake Brazil (Roraima) X  
Siagonodon septemstriata Seven-striped slender blindsnake Brazil (Roraima) X  
Tricheilostoma macrolepis Large-scaled slender blindsnake Brazil (Amazonas) X  


The Typhlopidae, the blindsnakes, contains 264 species divided between eleven genera, although more than 50% remain in the huge genus Typhlops. The photo library contains 10 species from five genera.


Ramphotyphlops braminus
Same, Ainaro Distr., Timor-Leste
click on image to enlarge 
    Photographed specimen: D1. D2.
Afrotyphlops bibroni Bibron's blindsnake S.Africa (Mpumalanga) X  
Ramphotyphlops braminus Brahminy blindsnake PNG (Central), Borneo (Sarawak), India (Karnataka), Sri Lanka, Timor-Leste X X
Ramphotyphlops cf. lineatus Lined blindsnake Timor-Leste X X
Ramphotyphlops p. polygrammicus Timor blindsnake PNG (Western), Timor-Leste X X
Rhinotyphlops lalandei Delalande's beaked blindsnake S.Africa (N.Cape) X  
Megatyphlops schlegelii schlegelii Schlegel's giant blindsnake S.Africa (Limpopo) X  
Typhlops diardi Schlegel's beaked blindsnake Nepal X  
Typhlops lumbricalis Cuban earthworm blindsnake Cuba X  
Typhlops reticulatus White-headed blindsnake Brazil (Roraima) X  
Typhlops vermicularis European blindsnake Greece (Thrace)   X