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PHOTOGRAPHY: AMPHIBIA

AMPHIBIANS

The Amphibia contains approximately 6,640 living species of 'pentadactyl tetrapods' that diverged from the reptilian (avian/mammalian) lineage almost 400 Million years ago. Generally three subclasses of the Amphibia are recognised but two of these are extinct. All modern amphibians belong to the subclass Lissamphibia. Some have legs, some are legless; some have tails, some are tailess; most have slimy semi-permeable skin, some have dry warty skin; most have to return to water to breed but many have found intreguing ways of getting around the problem.

Three orders* are recognised:
Anura (or Salienta): Frogs and toads (tailless amphibians) 49 families 5,860 species
33 families are represented in the photo library.

Caudata (or Urodela): Newts and salamanders (tailed amphibians) 9 families 597 species
Four families are represented.

Gymnophiona (or Apoda): Caecilians (legless amphibians) 3 families 183 species
Two families are represented.

* Some authors treat the sirens (Sirenidae) as a separate order

The list below is based on American Museum of Natural History Amphibian Species of the World
Online Reference version 5.4.
The common names for families are adopted from the AMNH list with additional proposed names in inverted commas.
New species are being described on a regular basis so the species counts will increase continually.

 

The photo library contains representatives of all three orders and the Amphibia pages will eventually be expanded to include lists of all species in the collection (as with the Reptilia) pages.
In the meantime if you are looking for a particular species please contact us using the enquiry form.

LISSAMPHIBIA
LIVING AMPHIBIANS

ANURA
Frogs & toads
CAUDATA
Newts & salamanders
GYMNIOPHONA
Caecilians
CAPE RAINFROG
Breviceps gibbosus
Jan Marais Nature Reserve,
West Cape Prov., S.Africa
IBERIAN RIBBED NEWT
Pleurodeles walti
Iberian Peninsula, Europe
SAO TOME CAECILIAN Schistometopum thomense
Sao Tome, Gulf of Guinea
click on images to enlarge
ANURA FROGS & TOADS
spp.
ALLOPHRYNIDAE Tukeit Hill Frog
ALYTIDAE Painted Frogs
X
AROMOBATIDAE Rocket Frogs
X
ARTHROLEPTIDAE African Screeching Frogs & Forest Treefrogs
X
BOMBINATORIDAE Fire-belly Toads X
BRACHYCEPHALIDAE Big-headed Frogs and their allies
BREVICEPITIDAE African Rain Frogs
X
BUFONIDAE True Toads
X
CALYPTOCEPHALELLIDAE Chilean Toads
CENTROLENIDAE Glass Frogs
X
CERATOBATRACHIDAE Wrinkled Frogs and their allies
X
CERATOPHRYIDAE Common Horned Frogs
X
CEUTHOMANTIDAE 'Tepui Frogs'
CRAUGASTORIDAE Northern Rain Frogs & Robber Frogs
X
CYCLORAMPHIDAE Mouth-brooding Frogs X

DENDROBATIDAE

Dart Poison Frogs X
DICROGLOSSIDAE Asian Paddifield Frogs and their allies X
ELEUTHERODACTYLIDAE South American Rain Frogs and their allies X
HELEOPHRYNIDAE Ghost Frogs  
HEMIPHRACTIDAE 'Horned Treefrogs' and their allies X
HEMISOTIDAE Shovel-nosed Frogs  
HYLIDAE Treefrogs X
HYLODIDAE Spiny-thumb Toads and their allies  
HYPEROLIIDAE Reed Frogs X
LEIOPELMATIDAE New Zealand frogs  
LEIUPERIDAE Dwarf Frogs and their allies X
LEPTODACTYLIDAE 'South American Frogs' and their allies X
LIMNODYNASTIDAE Austropapuan Ground Frogs X
MANTELLIDAE 'Mantellas' X
MEGOPHRYIDAE Asian Litter Frogs X
MICRIXALIDAE Tropical Frogs  
MICROHYLIDAE Narrow-mouthed Toads X
MYOBATRACHIDAE Austropapuan Toadlets X
NASIKABATRACHIDAE 'Western Ghats Frog'  
NYCTIBATRACHIDAE Robust Frogs X
PELOBATIDAE Spade-foot Toads  
PELODYTIDAE Parsley Frogs  
PETROPEDETIDAE 'African Water Frogs' X
PHRYNOBATRACHIDAE 'African Puddle Frogs' X
PIPIDAE Tongueless Frogs X
PTYCHADENIDAE Grassland Frogs X
PYXICEPHALIDAE 'African Bullfrogs' and their allies X
RANIDAE True Frogs X
RANIXALIDAE Indian leaping Frogs X
RHACOPHORIDAE 'Foam-nest Treefrogs' X
RHINOPHRYNIDAE Mexican Burrowing Toad  
SCAPHIOPODIDAE Burrowing Toads  
SOOGLOSSIDAE Seychelles Frogs  
STRABOMANTIDAE 'Andean and Atlantic Frogs' and their allies  
     
CAUDATA NEWTS & SALAMANDERS
AMBYSTOMATIDAE American Salamanders X
AMPHIUMIDAE Amphiumas  
CRYPTOBRANCHIDAE Giant Salamanders  
HYNOBIIDAE Asian Salamanders  
PLETHODONTIDAE Lungless Salamanders X
PROTEIDAE Olm & Waterdogs X
RHYACOTRITONIDAE Torrent Salamanders  
SALAMANDRIDAE Eurasian Salamanders & Newts X
SIRENIDAE Sirens  
     
GYMNOPHIONA CAECILIANS
CAECILIIDAE Tailless Caecilians X
ICHTHYOPHIIDAE Asian Tailed Caecilians X
RHINATREMATIDAE American Tailed Caecilians